Tag Archives: female pattern baldness

‘I’m Literally Going Bald with Stress’

Dr. Yazdan spoke with a young man on the phone this week who has concerns about his thinning hair. He is 33 years old and was very troubled about the diffused thinning on the back of his head and the growing thinness in his crown area, and he wanted to know if a hair transplant procedure would be the best solution for him.

Successful hair transplant surgery depends upon a multitude of factors, including how much hair the prospective patient has on their head at the time of surgery, as well as their age, and potential future hair loss. Only a specialist with years of experience can examine and track these various factors with clarity and tact.

In this young man’s case, one of the major determining factors was how much space there was between the existing hairs on the top of his head and the crown area where he is noticing thinning occurring. Why would this be a determining factor, some may ask? If there is significant gaps and spaces between his existing hairs, then hair transplant surgery may be a viable option. However, if the spacing and gaps between his existing hairs is very small, then hair transplantation could cause damage to the existing healthy hairs through a process known as shock loss. 

While hair transplant surgery offers amazing hair restoration potential and excellent results, there is always the potential for post-operative ‘shock loss’ to the patients existing hair. Given the normal cycles of hair growth – anagen (hair growth), catagen (resting), and telogen (hair shedding) – any hair follicles that would normally continue to grow for a year or more will more than likely regrow following shock. 

Hair follicles that genetically would normally stop growing within the next several months, or are in the telogen phase probably will not regrow. For this reason, an in-person hair and scalp analysis is necessary to determine the best course of action with respect to planning successful hair restoration on an individual patient-by-patient basis. 

As such, during our private consultations we can determine how best to minimize and prevent post-operative shock loss. To explore the many advanced hair loss treatment and hair transplant options available to you, and learn more about our custom hair restoration procedures, we invite anyone to give us a call and speak to world-renowned hair restoration specialist, Dr. Amir Yazdan. At Modena Hair Institute in Orange County, Los Angeles and Las Vegas our goal is to help you find the perfect hair restoration solution to meet your own individual needs and make a well-informed decision about your hair restoration options.  

Dr. Amir Yazdan, MD, is an internationally renowned hair transplant surgeon, expert guest on Dr. Phil and The Doctors, creator of the GroMD hair restoration product line, ISHRS member, accredited member of the IAHRS and a visceral advocate for patient care. Learn more about Dr. Yazdan or read rave reviews from his patients.

Is My Hair Loss Hereditary?

is hair loss hereditary
One of the first things a person checks when they notice hair loss is the status of hair loss in their parents or grandparents. When did my father start to bald? What about my grandfather, what was his hairline like? Although examining the hair loss of your ancestry can reveal part of the truth of your own hair loss, it’s only half the story.

A son might begin balding at half the age of his father or he might bald decades later than when his father or grandfather did. If your parents show thinning on the scalp, it does not mean that you will too, but it can be suggestive of your predisposition to future hair loss.

While not the only reason, genetics plays the biggest role in determining whether men will experience hair loss.

Over 95% of men experiencing hair loss will have inherited a sensitivity to DHT (dihydrotestosterone), a sex hormone that causes hair follicles to shrink. The androgen receptor gene is behind the receptor on your hair follicles that interacts with the DHT – and if your receptors are particularly sensitive, it can cause hair loss.

Now, this gene is found on the X chromosome – the female chromosome – which is why it’s assumed that it’s passed down through the mother’s side. There are, in fact, around 200 genes that are involved in regulating hair growth, meaning that DNA does play a big part in pattern baldness, but it’s not just down to one specific balding gene.

There’s no definitive age when male pattern baldness (or androgenic alopecia) will start creeping in – even if your father’s hairline started receding at 20, it doesn’t mean that yours will necessarily follow suit – but around a third of men will experience some hair loss in their thirties, creeping up by around ten per cent for each decade. Hair loss can be extremely gradual, but the biggest giveaway of pattern baldness is a receding hairline and thinning temples.

How to Combat Hereditary Hair Loss
While you can’t change your genetic makeup and hereditary history, if you do start to notice hair loss, you can take strong proactive steps to manage and decelerate loss. There’s no permanent answer to pattern baldness, but it can be countered, reversed and managed.
Treatments for pattern baldness consists of either surgical solutions or medical therapies. Surgical solutions for pattern baldness are permanent and typically classed under two types:

  • Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
  • Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT/Strip)

The FUE and Strip surgeries are minimally invasive outpatient procedures performed under local anesthesia. Hair transplant surgery uses a patient’s own natural DHT-resistant terminal hairs to restore the thinning or balding areas on the scalp. With the FUE procedure, hair follicles are removed one-by-one from the donor site, then transplanted individually to the thinning or balding areas of the temple or crown. If done by a master specialist, this method leaves no visible linear scar.

With the FUT or strip method, a thin strip of scalp is removed from the back of the head containing numerous hair follicles. These follicles are then transplanted one-by-one into the balding area. This method leaves a very thin linear scar at the back of the head which is rendered non-visible once the hair grows back.

Hair transplants can aesthetically transform your hairline and can be a permanent solution to hair loss.
Medical therapies for the treatment and management of pattern baldness may be classified into four types:

  • Minoxidil (Rogaine)
  • Finasteride (Propecia)
  • Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) with ACell
  • GroMD and Nizoral Shampoo

Finasteride is a prescription medication for men that is administered orally. Research has indicated that the majority of men who use the medicine consistently demonstrate a deceleration in hair loss and a re-growth of withering follicles. Minoxidil is an over-the-counter topical medication. Research has indicated that the majority of men who use the medicine consistently demonstrate a deceleration in hair loss and a re-growth of miniaturized follicles.

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) with ACell, involves drawing a small amount of blood from the patient’s body and processing it in a centrifuge in order to extract a rich plasma serum. This serum is then injected into various strategic recipient sites on the scalp.

PRP is loaded with growth factors that promote rapid angiogenesis and localized cell growth, which can increase both the size and healthiness of hair follicles that have begun to shrink as a result of androgenetic alopecia.

Lastly, there is the simple and easy-to-use shampoo and conditioner hair restoration systems of GroMD and Nizoral.

These doctor-developed DHT-fighting solutions contain a wealth of natural, potent and effective ingredients which restore and reset the scalp environment back to its natural state. With regard to GroMD, their solution is a fortified and expertly refined DHT-blocking formula that is enriched with growth-factor peptides and proteins, as well as anti-inflammatory mediators and anagen growth stimulators.

These shampoo and conditioner systems feed your hair with essential nutrients, providing it with nourishment at the roots so your hair is ready to grow at its optimal speed and length.

We may not be able to predict what the future holds for our hair, but we can help restore it to its former glory. If you want to survey your options and see what hair restoration solutions can help you, contact Modena Hair Institute for a free consultation today.

Dr. Amir Yazdan, MD, is an internationally renowned hair transplant surgeon, expert guest on Dr. Phil and The Doctors, creator of the GroMD hair restoration product line, ISHRS member, accredited member of the IAHRS and a visceral advocate for patient care. Learn more about Dr. Yazdan or read rave reviews from his patients.

What is Causing My Hair Loss?

causes of hair loss
Hair loss can happen at any age. At Modena Hair Institute we’ve designed topical and medical hair loss programs for patients in their early 20s, as well as those in their late 50s. While hair loss is universal, its causes and origins may be summarized into three general categories.

Very few lay people understand that hair loss is not a single, simple diagnosis, but that it is actually a common symptom that can be caused by a variety of different conditions. This is one of the reasons why finding the correct diagnosis and treatment for hair loss can be difficult, and why Dr. Amir Yazdan at Modena Hair Institute continue to study every possible underlying cause and treatment option.

By far the most common cause of hair loss in both men and women is Androgenic Alopecia (AGA). Otherwise known as genetic pattern baldness, AGA occurs when the hair follicles have inherited an increased sensitivity to dihydrotestosterone (or DHT). This hormone is a natural by-product of the breakdown of testosterone in the body and is present, in varying degrees, in both men and women. When sensitive hair follicles are exposed to DHT they begin to shrink and their growth cycle shortens. Over time, they produce gradually thinner and thinner hair strands until, eventually, they stop producing hair altogether.

FUE gratfs
A second general type of cause behind hair loss may be termed external influence. While genetic pattern baldness is an internal and physiological concern, things like stress, menopause, environmental disturbances and diet may cause hair loss through external disturbance.

Individual hair follicles on the scalp do not continuously produce hair, but instead go through distinct cycles of growth and shedding. However, a variety of external factors can potentially disrupt these cycles, causing a condition called telogen effluvium where large amounts of hair are shed at once. Anything that causes a physiological shock to the body can potentially cause telogen effluvium, including physical trauma, major surgery, or even crash dieting that starves the body of necessary proteins. In some cases, emotional trauma and stress can prompt changes in eating or sleep patterns that can also result in similar symptoms.

A third general type of cause behind hair loss is auto-immune disease. There are several different auto-immune symptoms that can potentially result in hair loss, but the most common is alopecia areata, a condition similar to rheumatoid arthritis where the body’s immune system attacks the rapidly growing cells at the base of the hair follicles. The inflammation that results interrupts the natural cycle of hair growth and causes hair to shed in small, round, smooth patches on the scalp. In some rare and extreme cases, alopecia areata (AA) may progress to the point that all of the scalp hair is lost, a condition called alopecia totalis, or even to alopecia universalis, the complete loss of all body hair.

As is apparent, diagnosing hair loss can be complicated and there is really no such thing as a ‘one-size-fits-all’ treatment. That’s why, at Modena Hair Institute in California and Nevada, we spend so much time and effort determining the specific underlying cause of a patient’s hair loss. That is the only way we can formulate a personalized hair restoration treatment program that addresses patient’s individual needs.

Dr. Amir Yazdan, MD, is an internationally renowned hair transplant surgeon, expert guest on Dr. Phil and The Doctors, creator of the GroMD hair restoration product line, ISHRS member, accredited member of the IAHRS and a visceral advocate for patient care. Learn more about Dr. Yazdan or read rave reviews from his patients.

The Truth About Female Hair Loss (& How It Can Be Treated with PRP Therapy)

A little known treatment, PRP therapy has revolutionized the way hair restoration specialists approach female hair loss. If you’re like many other people out there, you probably tend to associate hair loss with men exclusively. However, you might be surprised to learn that there are far more women suffering from it than you might expect. In fact, according to the American Hair Loss Association, 40% of women end up experiencing it by the age of 50. 

Here are some of the many reasons why certain women endure hair loss in their lifetime:


As it is with men, a genetic predisposition to hair loss, referred to in this case as Female Pattern Hair Loss, is the most common cause of thinning & balding in women. Unlike men, though, women will begin to notice this occurring as the center part in the middle of their scalp begins to widen, rather than experiencing thinning in the front. 

Telogen Effluvium

This form of hair loss is relatively common as well, and refers to when a large amount of hair follicles shift into the resting phase of their life cycle known as the “telogen” phase. As a result, one tends to experience a dramatic shedding of hair. This can be caused by anything from stress, to trauma, to drug use, to hormonal imbalances & nutritional issues. 

Alopecia Areata

In short, this is an autoimmune disorder that can cause varying degrees of patchy hair loss in women, along with men. This can either just amount to scattered thinning, or progress as far as advanced balding with a few patches of hair clinging on. 

Scarring Alopecia

As implied by the name, this refers to hair loss that results from scarring on the scalp. This can be caused by tight braiding or other hairstyles that put high stress on your hair, as well as pulling, ripping, and tearing. 


This can essentially be described as a compulsion to pluck one’s hair. It might just happen while you’re performing other activities & your mind wanders off, but some also find themselves doing it in habitual patterns. This, of course, causes scarring alopecia over a long period of time, along with permanent hair loss. In this case, before any treatment can be done for the hair, the psychological issue has to be handled.

The varying degrees of female hair loss.

Regardless of how women encounter it, it can be a devastating ordeal for them to suffer through, oftentimes making a significant impact on their self-esteem. Since a lack of confidence can lead to difficulties in many other aspects of life, it’s vital that this issue is tackled head on & in the most effective way possible. For women, we’ve found that the one true way of accomplishing that task is through the use of PRP Hair Regrowth Therapy.

The acronym stands for platelet-rich plasma, and as discussed on the Modena Hair Institute site: “PRP is a concentration of your own autologous platelets which have reservoirs filled with powerful growth factors and healing agents.” 

In carrying out the procedure, “It is ‘harvested’ from your own blood. This is done by collecting a small volume of your blood and spinning it down to separate the red blood cells from the platelet cells.” After that process is completed, the extracted plasma goes through activation & gets reintroduced into you through various minor injections into the scalp. In the process, growth & stem cells that are already in the body are called to action to assist in the hair regrowth process.

This procedure has been used since the 1970s across many different medical disciplines, including pain management, sports medicine, cosmetic surgery & dentistry, along with hair restoration. It’s been clinically proven to work across multiple studies, and there’s even specific science behind why it works.

As discussed by Dr. Amir Yazdan of Modena Hair Institute: 

“The presumed mechanism is that elements within the plasma, such as: platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor beta, fibroblast growth factor, [etc.] help stimulate the immune and endocrine systems to decrease hair loss”

The treatment is often implemented along with hair transplant surgery, but for those who aren’t eligible for those types of procedures, like many women, PRP Hair Regrowth Therapy is an excellent way to get started on the path to a full, luscious head of hair. 

There are key factors, however, that we think you should keep in mind when picking out a clinic. For starters, the person performing the procedure needs specialized equipment to fully extract the necessary PRP from the patient’s blood. As discussed in the video above, Dr.Yazdan utilizes a special procedure called the “multiple-spin technique”, along with taking advantage of natural growth factors & activators to maximize the results. As for the final factor, seeing as this is a medical procedure, we can’t stress enough that the only person who should be performing it for you is a licensed physician. We understand that here at Modena Hair Institute, and that’s why Dr. Yazdan, a board-certified hair restoration surgeon & physician, performs these procedures at his Newport, Beverly Hills & Las Vegas locations. Utilizing specialized equipment & years of experience, we’ll have your hair coming back quickly, fully, and naturally.

Learn more about the procedure & the many other services we offer on our website, and make sure you contact us to set up your consultation.

Differences in Male & Female Baldness and Ways to Combat It Effectively

pattern baldness
It’s commonly known that baldness affects men, but there are also many women who experience baldness as well. What is the difference between male and female pattern baldness? What are the treatment options for the sexes? Men and women may experience it in different ways.
Pattern baldness
Women can lose their hair in a different pattern than men do. In men, hair loss starts in the front of the head and recedes to the back until they are bald. Women are not as likely to go completely bald, but could have a lot of thinning throughout.
Like male pattern baldness, female pattern baldness is hereditary, but the cause is different. It is most common after menopause, so hormones are likely responsible for pattern baldness in women. In women, baldness can also be caused by an underlying endocrine condition or a hormone-secreting tumor.
Progression and Onset
Males tend to lose their hair at a faster rate and have an earlier average age of onset than women do. For both men and women, however, the best way to treat and counteract pattern baldness is early detection and treatment.
Pattern Baldness Prevention and Treatment
Based on a woman’s medical diagnosis and consultation with a hair restoration specialist, medical management of hair loss or transplant surgery will be the solution, yet sometimes both are advised. We may recommend over-the-counter minoxidil (Rogaine) to be applied in tandem with groMD shampoo and conditioner to patients experiencing thinning of hair.
More drastic hair loss cases where women exhibit balding or a gap widening on the topmost part of their scalp may require more advanced hair restoration treatments such as an FUE or FUT hair transplant.
Another hair restoration treatment that has been achieving excellent results for women suffering from temple recession and other hair loss conditions for years is called Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy. The PRP procedure involves drawing a small amount of blood from the patient’s body and processing it in a centrifuge in order to extract a rich plasma serum.
This serum is then injected into the recipient site on the top of the scalp of the patient. PRP is loaded with growth factors that promote rapid angiogenesis, localized cell growth, decrease inflammation and decrease healing time. Quick healing time is important because it allows patients to return to work and their daily activities in a very short period of time.
Dr. Yazdan explains that “with the employment of PRP and added nutrients like Acell, I have seen accelerated healing, reduced swelling and stimulation of thinning hair. I like to use this in every hair restoration surgery because it often gives patients the absolute best results.”
We recommend sitting down with a (board certified) hair restoration specialist who can properly evaluate your hair shedding or hair loss situation, based on factors like your medical profile, hair loss condition, and stage of shedding.
The initial consultation will be to see how your hairline and hair density has changed and will change in the next few years. Forecasting how your receding hairline or shedding patterns change will grant you and the physician a better understanding of the effectiveness of different hair restoration treatments, be they surgical or otherwise. The key to slowing hair loss is early intervention.
Dr. Yazdan may recommend PRP injections mixed with stem cells, alongside a multifaceted program to treat hair thinning and loss.
If the diagnosis is early genetic hair loss, then the best treatment may be the drug finasteride which is highly effective in men of younger age. It may not only stop the hair loss but possibly reverse it.

Dr. Amir Yazdan, MD, is an internationally renowned hair transplant surgeon, expert guest on Dr. Phil and The Doctors, creator of the GroMD hair restoration product line, ISHRS member, accredited member of the IAHRS and a visceral advocate for patient care. Learn more about Dr. Yazdan or read rave reviews from his patients.

How to Know If You’re Balding

going bald
With the average shedding patterns of both men and women being around 100 follicles lost a day, it’s important for everyone, young and old, to know what to look for regarding hair loss. Knowing whether you are losing a little more than 100 follicles a day or a lot more is often difficult to tell.
First things first, many people will overly frustrate their hopes and fears by exaggerating the thinning or shedding they see in the shower or after a look in the mirror. Some hair shedding and thinning (especially with middle aged persons and seniors) of hair density is normal and not indicative of an onset of balding.
The keyword here is some. Clear and visible hair thinning for someone in their 20s and 30s (not uncommon) should be a warning sign and something to be tackled with great proactivity.
For men, they can begin to notice the changes of hair loss in the texture of their hair. Usually it begins to feel finer and perhaps doesn’t seem to be growing as quickly. Many people assume that a receding hairline at the very front of the scalp is the first thing they should look out for when considering hair loss, but this is not always the case. The whirl on their crown and near the back of their scalp can often be the first places on the head which show signs of balding. Check for bald patches on the crown and the back of the head easily with a pocket mirror. Hold it behind your head, scan the area for signs of texture change, density loss or thinning follicles. Run your fingers or a comb through the crown, lifting and pulling to look for parting and lack of thorough diffusion and volume.
The frontal hairline, however, is also the most common area for men to show signs of recession and balding. Hair loss on the frontal hairline takes the form of the classic M shape where the hairline rises significantly at the temples and dips down in the center. Jude Law is a clear example of the M shaped recession line.
For a more extensive guide to male hair loss, click here.
For women, instead of a receding M shape on the front of the hairline as in men, their thinning hairline will begin to appear in the part line, right down the middle or at the curvature of the head. Minimal thinning can be hidden with styling techniques. As hair loss continues, women will notice a decrease in volume and noticeable widening of the mid-line part. Checking for signs of such parting are much easier for women than men because of the dominance and obvious largeness of the diffused thinning.
For a more extensive guide to female hair loss, click here.
How to Combat a Receding Hairline?
High-quality hair restoration products: groMD’s shampoo/conditioner and follicle activator spray is rich in Argan oil (liquid gold) and Biotin to help kickstart the Anagen (growth) phase of the hair life cycle. It also contains a proprietary blend of DHT blockers which helps to strengthen hair and extend the growing phase.
Rogaine and Finasteride: Topical treatments like Rogaine (also known as Minoxidil) help increase and keep the blood supply to the scalps network of capillaries and prescription-only pills like Finasteride (also known as Propecia) work by blocking enzymes that cause conversion of testosterone to DHT.
Platelet-Rich Plasma therapy: This therapy entails micro injections in the scalp which trigger cell growth and stimulate thinning hair follicles. PRP is loaded with growth factors that promote rapid angiogenesis and localized cell growth. The New York Times reports of one practitioner that the PRP procedure “gets results in 80 percent of patients, more than half of whom are female.”
Hair Transplant: For something more permanent, persons suffering from pattern baldness and great hairline recession can opt for the very successful FUE (follicular unit extraction) procedure which involves extracting follicles (typically from the back or sides of the head) with a micro-punch and then transplanting the uprooted follicles into the recipient site, i.e. wherever hair volume is desired. FUE is the most common hair transplant procedure and is less invasive than FUT or strip procedures, leaving almost no scarring. For an FUE procedure, the hair restoration specialist will consult with the patient to determine an appropriate hairline in order to produce a natural hair pattern and shape.

A Healthier Lifestyle: Stress is one of the most important factors that contribute to hair loss. It is believed that stress can disrupt the normal hair cycle and trigger hairs to enter the telogen or fall-out phase. Thus, when striving for faster hair growth, minimize the stress in your life. Eating a diet rich in protein and vital vitamins and minerals is an essential prerequisite to healthy hair growth. Opt for foods high in vitamins A, B, C, and E, iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, and selenium. Argan oil, in particular, is extremely important for making your hair grow faster.
Hair loss continues in a fairly predictable pattern, so you can spot and combat it before ending up with partial or almost complete baldness.
For all matters hair contact one of our offices at 888-717-5273 or visit Modenahair.com.

Dr. Amir Yazdan, MD, is an internationally renowned hair transplant surgeon, expert guest on Dr. Phil and The Doctors, creator of the GroMD hair restoration product line, ISHRS member, and an advocate for patient care. Learn more about Dr. Yazdan or read rave reviews from his patients.

Women: Is Genetic Hair Loss in Your Near Future?

Almost every woman eventually develops some degree of female-pattern hair loss and as many as two-thirds suffer hair thinning or bald spots. It can start any time after the onset of puberty, but women tend to first notice it around menopause, when hair loss typically increases. The risk rises with age, and it’s higher for women with a history of hair loss on either side of the family.
Androgenic alopecia, also known as female-pattern hair loss is characterized by progressive visible thinning of scalp hair or balding in genetically susceptible women. Hair loss often has a more devastating impact on women than on most men considering it’s less ‘socially acceptable’ for them. Alopecia can severely impact a woman’s emotional well-being and quality of life.
The most common type of hair loss in both sexes – in men, genetic hair loss typically begins above the temples forming an “M” shaped receding hairline, often progressing to baldness. Hair loss begins with thinning at the part line followed by increased diffuse hair loss. Fortunately enough for women, in only rare cases does a female’s hairline recede and rarely become bald.
It’s important to note- there are several potential causes of hair loss in women including medical conditions, medications, and emotional stress. Find an experienced hair restoration specialist to determine the cause before proceeding with any hair loss treatments.

Hair Restoration clinics will use the Ludwig classification to describe female pattern hair loss.
Type I – described as minimal thinning
Type II – characterized by noticeable decrease in volume, and noticeable widening of the part-line
Type III – displays diffuse thinning, making a see-through appearance on top of the scalp
FPHL (female-pattern hair loss) or the thinning of hair and subsequent shedding is due to gradual miniaturization of genetically marked hair follicles and represents shortening of the anagen (growth) phase of the hair follicle with an increase in the telogen/anagen ratio of the affected scalp. An understanding of the normal hair follicle life cycle is critically linked to an appreciation of the physiology of hair loss.
At the cellular level, follicle miniaturization is thought to be caused by a reduction in dermal papilla volume, as a consequence of a decrease in the number of cells per papilla. Nonetheless, hair follicles are still present and cycling, even in bald scalps!
While the clinically detected patterns of male-pattern hair loss (MPHL) have been described in the Norwood classification. On the other hand, hair loss patterns in females are typically characterized by preservation of the anterior hairline and diffuse central thinning over the mid-frontal scalp. However, there are exceptions where men will exhibit a Ludwig pattern of loss while some women can display a typical Norwood pattern.
One treatment option for female-pattern hair loss is PRP procedures with ACell. Platelet-Rich Plasma or its acronym PRP, is an injection of a patients own blood plasma containing a concentration of platelets that deliver an abundance of growth factors such as ACell to boost healing and hair growth. Dr. Yazdan has also had great success using Laser Hair Therapy, GroMD Hair Loss Prevention Shampoo, and in more advanced stages of female-pattern hair loss, a hair restoration surgery may be necessary in order to restore your hair. Maintenance is key in keeping the hair you have while producing thicker, healthier hair!
Diagnosing hair loss in females in known to be a little trickier than in male patients. At Modena Hair Restoration, Dr. Yazdan may order a blood test or perform a small scalp biopsy in order to determine the proper form of hair loss. If you feel you’re experiencing unusual or unexpected hair loss, Modena may have the solution for you!


For questions or to schedule a consultation, call one of our offices conveniently located in Irvine, Newport Beach, Beverly Hills and Las Vegas at 888-717-5273 or contact via our website at contact Modena Hair Link